Among people living with HIV, tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic illness and the leading cause of death, accounting for nearly 40 percent of HIV-related deaths worldwide. In some sub-Saharan countries, more than half of those with active TB are co-infected with HIV.

ICAP supports collaboration between national TB and HIV control programs and the development of complementary TB/HIV clinical programs.

Tuberculosis by the Numbers

of HIV deaths worldwide related to tuberculosis
Cause of death among people living with HIV

ICAP’s Focus on Tuberculosis

  • Expanded integrated TB/HIV care and treatment programs
  • Model centers to develop best practices for integrated TB/HIV care and treatment
  • Intensified TB case finding among people living with HIV, including scale up of TB diagnostics and linkage to early ART initiation
  • Strengthening pediatric TB/HIV care and treatment services, including TB screening and diagnostic tools for children and HIV testing for children with TB
  • Training programs for clinicians on management of TB/HIV co-infection
  • Enhanced monitoring and evaluation systems for TB/HIV care and treatment

In addition, ICAP has developed clinical resources for the management of TB/HIV co-infection in resource-limited settings.