ICAP is a global leader in conducting surveys to estimate the burden of disease across multiple countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Europe, Southeast Asia, and North America. Working closely with national governments, provincial, and district health management teams; with individual health facilities; and across sectors and agencies, including educational institutions and non-governmental organizations, ICAP has supported numerous surveys to inform and strengthen health systems. With its partners, ICAP works to ensure that countries characterize and monitor population-level health by building capacity for high-quality, context-appropriate survey and measurement systems.

Surveys Completed or Ongoing

As of April 2021, number subject to change


Kenya, Cameroon, Kyrgyzstan, Cote d’Ivoire, United States (NYC), Tanzania, Ethiopia, Myanmar, Tajikistan, Lesotho, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eswatini, Haiti, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Survey Topics

  • HIV (General and IBBS Surveys) surveys on key HIV indicators (incidence, prevalence, viral load suppression); population size estimates, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PreP) use, and addressing HIV-related stigma and discrimination among key populations (men who have sex with men, miners, refugees, commercial sex workers, injection drug users); HIV drug resistance; HIV prevention treatment for infants and children
  • Barriers and facilitators to immunization and malaria prevention services
  • COVID-19 seroprevalence surveys and impact assessments to guide rapid COVID-19 response
  • Violence against children and youth surveys

ICAP’s Focus on Surveys

  • Conducting surveys to estimate HIV incidence, prevalence, and viral load suppression, providing critical information to guide policy and funding priorities
  • Building ministry-of-health capacity to conduct high-quality public health surveys and ensuring they are appropriate for the operative public health context
  • Providing technical assistance focused on evaluating and enhancing existing surveys and designing and implementing new surveys

Ongoing Surveys

  • Implementing the Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA) project since 2014, which focuses on measuring the reach and impact of HIV programs in 15 PEPFAR-supported countries through national surveys. PHIA survey results measure national and regional progress towards global HIV targets and guide HIV policy and funding priorities
  • Assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, Cameroon, Lesotho, and the United States, and understanding the experiences of those affected by it
  • Conducting the first Integrated Bio-Behavioral Survey (IBBS) on HIV and STI bio-behaviors focused on female sex workers, people who inject drugs, and high risk men in selected towns of Zambia.

Completed Surveys

  • Led bio-behavioral surveys in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to improve data quality and representativeness of collected HIV data and electronic systems for data collection activities
  • Conducted capacity building for state-of-the-art survey methods to estimate HIV prevalence, identify risky behaviors, and generate population size estimates among key populations, including men who have sex with men, miners, commercial sex workers, and people who inject drugs and their sex partners, in Mali and Tanzania
  • Established a case reporting system to identify and report pediatric HIV cases to the Eswatini National AIDS program using early infant diagnosis program data