Advances in Differentiated Service Delivery (DSD) and antiretroviral drug optimization in Zimbabwe have made HIV care and treatment more acceptable and effective, leading to greater coverage and better health outcomes—especially for patients with advanced or unstable HIV.

With an in-depth understanding of the status of the national HIV epidemic through the Zimbabwe Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (ZIMPHIA) surveys conducted in 2016 and 2020, ICAP has continued working to improve service quality, strengthen human resources for health, and build capacity in epidemiology and strategic information (SI) for evidence-based HIV programs, policy and response.



CQUIN Project for Differentiated Service Delivery


Accelerating Availability of Optimal Antiretroviral Drugs (OPTIMIZE)

COVID -19 Response (supplemental funding)Districts (or national)National

Evaluating Differentated Service Delivery Preferences

HIV and STI Biobehavioral Survey among Men Who Have Sex with Men, Transgender Women, and Genderqueer Individuals in Zimbabwe Districts (or national)Harare,Bulawayo

Leveraging Community Antiretroviral Groups (CARGs) to Delivery Tuberculosis Preventive Therapy (TPT) in ZimbabweDistricts (or national)Harare,Guruve,Mhondoro-Ngezi

Male Engagement in Community Antiretroviral Refill Groups (CARGs) in Zimbabwe: Exploring Barriers and Facilitators to Differentiated CareDistricts (or national)Guruve,Mhondoro-Ngezi

Optimizing Differentiated Service Delivery for People Living with HIV (PLHIV) in Urban Zimbabwe: Assessing urban PLHIV preferences for treatment delivery models using a discrete choice experimentDistricts (or national)Harare

Optimizing Momentum Toward Sustainable Epidemic Control (OpCon): DSD for HIVDistricts (or national)Harare

Optimizing Momentum Toward Sustainable Epidemic Control (OpCon): Preventing TB through CARGsDistricts (or national)Harare,Guruve,Mhondoro-Ngezi

Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA)Districts (or national)National

Strengthening Epidemiology and Strategic Information (SI) in the Republic of ZimbabweDistricts (or national)National

Tracking with Recency Assays to Control the Epidemic (TRACE)

Zimbabwe 3HP Rollout in Fast Track ModelDistricts (or national)Harare

ICAP in Zimbabwe

Program Start
  • 2015
Key Technical Areas
  • Capacity Building of Health Workforce
  • DREAMS (Women’s HIV Prevention)
  • Health Information Systems
  • Key / Priority Populations
  • Implementation Science / Operations Research
  • Laboratory Support
  • Monitoring & Evaluation / SI
  • Recency Testing
  • Surveillance
  • Treatment Optimization  
  • Tuberculosis
Current Funders
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

  • U.S. President’s Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

  • PEPFAR / Health Resources & Services Administration (HRSA)

  • Wits Reproductive Health Initiative