Exciting developments in Ethiopia hold great promise for sustainable national ownership of high-quality HIV programs and increased capacity to address the country’s significant malaria burden.

ICAP is supporting the Ministry of Health (MOH) in Ethiopia to enhance strategic information systems and to develop innovative approaches to increase the efficiency of health service. ICAP is also working with MOH to assess the impact of national HIV response efforts through the EPHIA HIV population-based survey.



CQUIN Project for Differentiated Service Delivery

Malaria Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment Activity (MDTA)Districts (or national)Amhara,Oromia,Tigray,Benishangul Gumuz,Gambella,Afar and Southern Nations,Nationalities and Peoples Regions


Technical Assistance for the Transition of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Programs and Medical Education to EthiopiaDistricts (or national)National,Amhara,Oromia,Gambella,Addis Ababa,SNNPR

MCAPDistricts (or national)National

UTAP-2Districts (or national)National

Global Nurse Capacity Building Program (GNCBP), Nurse Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI), General Nursing (GN)Districts (or national)National

ICAP in Ethiopia

Program Start
  • 2005
Key Technical Areas
  • HIV prevention, care, and treatment
  • HIV testing and counseling
  • Human resources for health
  • Laboratory systems strengthening
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Malaria Non-communicable diseases
  • Nursing and midwifery
  • Population-based surveys
  • Prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV
  • Quality improvement
  • Research
  • Tuberculosis
Current Funders
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • PEPFAR / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Country Director

Zenebe Melaku, MD

Dr. Zenebe Melaku is ICAP’s country director in Ethiopia. He has over 20 years of clinical, academic, programmatic, and managerial experience in medicine and public health in Ethiopia. In his current role, Dr. Melaku oversees the planning and implementation of comprehensive and high quality HIV/AIDS care and treatment services at ICAP-supported sites in eight regions of Ethiopia. He provides technical and managerial oversight to program activities at the national, regional, and site levels and liaises with the Ministry of Health and other project partners and collaborators. Before joining ICAP, Dr. Melaku was an associate professor of internal medicine at Addis Ababa University and served as the technical advisor for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment at the U.S. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) in Ethiopia.

His areas of expertise include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, health systems strengthening, program management, organizational development, and strategic planning. Dr. Melaku holds a medical degree with a specialty in internal medicine from Addis Ababa University, a certificate of fellowship in neurology from the University of Limoges (France), as well as certificates in rheumatology, advanced epidemiology, and research methodology and clinical field trials from the University of Bergen (Norway).

Jobs in Ethiopia

For international ICAP job listings see careers at ICAPACITY