Exciting developments in Ethiopia hold great promise for sustainable national ownership of high-quality HIV programs and increased capacity to address the country’s significant malaria burden.

ICAP is supporting the Ministry of Health (MOH) in Ethiopia to enhance strategic information systems and to develop innovative approaches to increase the efficiency of health service. ICAP is also working with MOH to assess the impact of national HIV response efforts through the EPHIA HIV population-based survey.


Building Capacity of the Diverse Frontline Health Workers in Ethiopia Within the Context of COVID19

  • current
In close partnership with MOH, ICAP is supporting the national response to the COVID-19 pandemic by ensuring frontline health workers in Ethiopia are equipped with adequate knowledge, policies, and infrastructure to deliver safe and effective care for patients with COVID-19. Through this project, ICAP is rapidly disseminating training materials; strengthening telemedicine capacity among health facilities; ...

Malaria Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment Activity (MDTA)

  • current
ICAP is collaborating with Ethiopia’s Ministry of Health and National Malaria Control and Elimination Program, the Ethiopia Public Health Institute, regional health bureaus, district health offices, and other key malaria stakeholders, to support the implementation of quality malaria diagnosis and treatment services in the country. The project aims to strengthen partnerships and coordination at national ...

Technical Assistance to Ethiopia’s Ministry of Health and Regional Health Bureaus in Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Programming and Direct Site Level Support in Gambella Region

  • current
ICAP is providing technical assistance to the Government of Ethiopia in support of the country’s initiatives to achieve and sustain the HIV epidemic in line with global 95-95-95 goals for epidemic control. Through this project, ICAP is providing direct support to improve the capacity and quality of HIV service programming throughout the health system in ...

Technical Assistance to the National Health Information Systems and Health Workforce Development

  • current
ICAP is providing technical support to MOH to strengthen health information systems, to enhance the use of electronic protected health information across the HIV continuum of care, and to establish emergency operation centers for public health monitoring and surveillance. Specific areas of technical support include the national electronic medical record (EMR) platform, data quality improvement, ...

The CQUIN Project for Differentiated Service Delivery

  • Multi-Country,
  • current
CQUIN is a multi-country learning network dedicated to improving differentiated service delivery (DSD) for people living with HIV. Launched in 2017 with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the network convenes health system leaders from countries in sub-Saharan Africa to participate in joint learning and information exchange, with the goal of fostering scale-up ...

Tracking with Recency Assays to Control the Epidemic (TRACE)

  • Multi-Country,
  • current
Disease surveillance to stop HIV transmission in its tracks. Remarkable progress has been made toward HIV epidemic control in some high-burden countries, but many gaps remain. Identifying people with undiagnosed HIV infection, especially those who have been recently infected, is essential to realize the individual benefit of rapid treatment initiation and to prevent HIV transmission to others. ...

Violence Against Children Survey (VACS) in Ethiopia

  • current
VACS is a national household survey of children and young adults (aged 13 – 24) to provide national estimates on physical and sexual violence against children in Ethiopia. The survey measures the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence in childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood. Findings from VACS provide reliable evidence to enable ...

Volunteer Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC)

  • current
ICAP has been implementing the volunteer Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) project among adult men in Gambella region targeting the host and refugee populations since 2019. This project is being implemented as part of a comprehensive public health prevention effort to reduce the incidence of HIV in the region. ...

ICAP in Ethiopia

Program Start
  • 2005
Key Technical Areas
  • HIV prevention, care, and treatment
  • HIV testing and counseling
  • Human resources for health
  • Laboratory systems strengthening
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Malaria Non-communicable diseases
  • Nursing and midwifery
  • Population-based surveys
  • Prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV
  • Quality improvement
  • Research
  • Tuberculosis
Current Funders
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • PEPFAR / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Country Director

Zenebe Melaku, MD

Dr. Zenebe Melaku is ICAP’s country director in Ethiopia. He has over 20 years of clinical, academic, programmatic, and managerial experience in medicine and public health in Ethiopia. In his current role, Dr. Melaku oversees the planning and implementation of comprehensive and high quality HIV/AIDS care and treatment services at ICAP-supported sites in eight regions of Ethiopia. He provides technical and managerial oversight to program activities at the national, regional, and site levels and liaises with the Ministry of Health and other project partners and collaborators. Before joining ICAP, Dr. Melaku was an associate professor of internal medicine at Addis Ababa University and served as the technical advisor for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment at the U.S. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) in Ethiopia.

His areas of expertise include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, health systems strengthening, program management, organizational development, and strategic planning. Dr. Melaku holds a medical degree with a specialty in internal medicine from Addis Ababa University, a certificate of fellowship in neurology from the University of Limoges (France), as well as certificates in rheumatology, advanced epidemiology, and research methodology and clinical field trials from the University of Bergen (Norway).

Jobs in Ethiopia

See the ICAP careers page to search all job listings.