Exciting developments in Ethiopia hold great promise for sustainable national ownership of high-quality HIV/AIDS programs and increased capacity to address the country’s significant malaria burden. These include enhanced strategic information systems, innovative approaches to increase efficiency and reduce burdens on both patients and health care workers, and capacity-building efforts at the national and regional levels to provide necessary support. ICAP is also working with the Federal Ministry of Health on the EPHIA HIV population-based survey to assess the impact of national HIV response efforts. 



CQUIN Project for Differentiated Service Delivery

Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA)

Technical Assistance for the Transition of Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Programs and Medical Education to Ethiopia


A Combination Intervention Package for Isoniazid Prevention Therapy in Ethiopia (ENRICH) (2012 - 2016)

Evaluating the Efficacy of Artemether-Lumefantrine Compared to Artemether-Lumefantrine Plus Primaquine and Chloroquine Compared to Chloroquine Plus Primaquine for Malaria (2014)

Global Nurse Capacity Building Program (GNCBP), Nurse Education Partnership Initiative (NEPI), General Nursing (GN)


Malaria Laboratory Diagnosis and Monitoring (PMI)

Multi-Level Determinants of Late ART Initiation in Sub-Saharan Africa (LSTART)

Technical Assistance for HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment (2011 - 2015)



Program Start
  • 2005
Key Technical Areas
  • HIV prevention, care, and treatment
  • HIV testing and counseling
  • Human resources for health
  • Laboratory systems strengthening
  • Monitoring and evaluation
  • Malaria Non-communicable diseases
  • Nursing and midwifery
  • Population-based surveys
  • Prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV
  • Quality improvement
  • Research
  • Tuberculosis
Current Funders
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • PEPFAR / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)


Dr. Zenebe Melaku

Dr. Zenebe Melaku is ICAP’s country director in Ethiopia. He has over 20 years of clinical, academic, programmatic, and managerial experience in medicine and public health in Ethiopia. In his current role, Dr. Melaku oversees the planning and implementation of comprehensive and high quality HIV/AIDS care and treatment services at ICAP-supported sites in eight regions of Ethiopia. He provides technical and managerial oversight to program activities at the national, regional, and site levels and liaises with the Federal Ministry of Health and other project partners and collaborators. Before joining ICAP, Dr. Melaku was an associate professor of internal medicine at Addis Ababa University and served as the technical advisor for HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment at the U.S. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) in Ethiopia. His areas of expertise include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, health systems strengthening, program management, organizational development, and strategic planning. Dr. Melaku holds a medical degree with a specialty in internal medicine from Addis Ababa University, a certificate of fellowship in neurology from the University of Limoges (France), as well as certificates in rheumatology, advanced epidemiology, and research methodology and clinical field trials from the University of Bergen (Norway).

jobs in ethiopia

For international ICAP job listings see careers at ICAPACITY