Women and girls are among the key populations disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic in Uganda, where stigma and other barriers have hindered action to roll out testing and treatment. Since the recent UPHIA HIV population-based survey, ICAP has been working with the Ministry of Health on innovative linkage and service delivery strategies for HIV prevention, care, and treatment, including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and Test and Treat.


Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA)

  • Multi-Country,
  • current
PHIA is a multi-country initiative led by ICAP, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and ministries of health in PEPFAR-supported countries. Each survey offers household-based HIV counseling and testing conducted by trained survey staff, with return of results. The surveys also ask questions about access to preventive care and treatment services for adults and children. The results measure national and regional progress toward UNAIDS’ 90-90-90 goals and guide policy ...

The CQUIN Project for Differentiated Service Delivery

  • Multi-Country,
  • current
CQUIN is a multi-country learning network dedicated to improving differentiated service delivery (DSD) for people living with HIV. Launched in 2017 with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the network convenes health system leaders from countries in sub-Saharan Africa to participate in joint learning and information exchange, with the goal of fostering scale-up ...

ICAP in Uganda

Program Start
  • 2015
Key Technical Areas
  • Capacity building of educational institutions
  • HIV prevention, care, and treatment
  • Population-based surveys
  • Surveillance
Current Funders
  • Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • PEPFAR / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Country Representative

Dr. Sam Biraro

Dr. Sam Biraro is ICAP’s country representative in Uganda and leads UPHIA, the PEPFAR-supported population-based HIV impact assessment survey that is reaching 15,000 households and engaging multiple national and international stakeholders. He began his career in clinical practice with Mulago Hospital in Kampala and later with Kisiizi, a missionary hospital in rural southwestern Uganda. He then worked in clinical research with Epicentre/MSF on studies looking into strategies for HIV care and treatment and treatment of malaria. At the Medical Research Council and the Uganda Virus Research Institute, Sam conducted population-based surveillance of HIVHSV-2, and sexually transmitted infections. Most recently, his work has focused on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including studies into the burden of NCDs in the general population and health facility readiness to provide NCD care, as well as on an intervention to strengthen the health system in provision of NCD care. Dr. Biraro graduated as a medical doctor (MBChB) from Mbarara University and earned an MPH from Loma Linda University. He completed his PhD at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Jobs in Uganda

See the ICAP careers page to search all job listings.