« Back to Where We Work


ICAP began partnering with the Government of Tanzania in 2004 to reduce perinatal transmission of HIV and support the rapid-scale up of HIV care and treatment. We now work in close partnership with the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) and provide capacity-building support and technical assistance (TA) for the national HIV and tuberculosis (TB) programs.

ICAP’s portfolio in Tanzania is focused on technical support to strengthen and expand HIV prevention, care, and treatment, voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), services for key populations, diagnosis of pediatric TB and integrated TB/HIV care, and provider-initiated pediatric HIV testing and counseling.

Current Projects

HIV Impact Assessment Survey (The PHIA Project)

ICAP is providing technical assistance and support to Tanzania’s MOH to conduct a population-based HIV impact assessment (PHIA) survey to assess HIV prevalence, incidence, and access to prevention, care, and treatment services. The survey consists of household-based interviews and HIV counseling and testing for adults and children. Survey findings will be used assess the impact of Tanzania’s HIV response at a national level and to help guide and target future investment and programs. This survey is part of the PHIA Project which will conduct surveys in more than ten other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Supporting HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment Programs

ICAP is partnering with the MOHSW and a network of regional hospitals, laboratories, and primary health facilities to expand HIV prevention, care, and treatment at all levels of the health system, including building capacity for VMMC and services for key populations, including people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, and sex workers. ICAP partners with a network of regional hospitals, laboratories, and primary health facilities. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

To learn more about the achievements of this project, read the VMMC brief here.

Global TA: Accelerating Children’s HIV/AIDS Treatment (ACT) Initiative

ICAP is providing technical assistance to the MOHSW to expand and improve HIV testing and counseling for children and adolescents. This scope of work includes supporting the development of a pediatric HIV testing and counseling toolkit, developing monitoring and evaluation tracking tools, and working with partners to integrate quality improvement techniques in pediatric HIV testing and counseling service delivery. (funded by PEPFAR and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation)

Global Technical Assistance

ICAP is providing technical assistance to Tanzania’s MOHSW and the National AIDS Control Programme to improve provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling among pediatric populations in the Simiyu and Geita regions. ICAP is collaborating with local implementing partners in these regions to implement a quality improvement (QI) collaborative at high-yield pediatric facilities to improve PITC coverage and linkage to treatment of infected children. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Global TA: Fast Track Test and Treat for Key Populations

ICAP is working with the MOHSW to support the planning, implementation, and evaluation of and HIV test and treat (T&T) strategies for key populations. This includes: exploring new test strategies and innovative linkage and service delivery models to increase access to and coverage of HIV testing and treatment coverage for key populations; supporting countries to implement T&T interventions for key populations and; documenting challenges and advantages of various models implemented in the selected countries. Additionally, ICAP will support the development of M&E tools necessary to monitor engagement of key populations along the continuum of care. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Global TA: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for Key Populations

ICAP is working with the MOHSW and the CDC to plan, design, and implement PrEP services for key populations; develop tools for PrEP implementation guidelines, standard operating procedures, and train health care workers on tools; develop M&E tools to track uptake and retention on PrEP; monitor programs; and evaluate PrEP implementation. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Recently Completed Projects

Technical Assistance for HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment (2009 – 2015)

ICAP provided technical assistance to support implementation of VMMC services as part of a comprehensive package of HIV prevention activities in Kagera and Geita regions, including 20 islands in Lake Victoria. Through the National Technical Working Group on VMMC, ICAP also assisted in the development of assessment tools for monitoring and evaluation, and materials for information, education, and communication.

ICAP conducted research to examine the feasibility of providing health care workers in TB care facilities with enhanced HIV prevention training to examine the potential effects on partner-focused HIV testing and linkage to care. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)

Improving Care for Pediatric TB/HIV (2010 – 2015)

Through TB Centers of Excellence established at hospitals in Dar es Salaam and Kagera, ICAP strengthened local policy and institutional capacity to provide high-quality integrated TB and HIV pediatric care. These centers of excellence and their satellite health facilities provide comprehensive services for diagnosis of TB and specialized management of TB/HIV for co-infected children. (funded by PEPFAR through the CDC)