This systematic review report outlines the current evidence base for the elimination of stigma and discrimination in healthcare settings as they particularly affect people living with HIV. The terms of reference and principles underpinning systematic review methods are outlined in this introductory section prior to the methods and results sections.


  1. Identify the evidence-base on programs that contribute to increased respect and tolerance and recognition of the needs and rights of key and other most affected/marginalized populations, including the rights of people living with HIV, and the associated rights and responsibilities of the health workforce;
  2. Identify the evidence-base to advance national and institutional legal and policy standards on the elimination of stigma and discrimination in health care settings;
  3. Identify the evidence-base on accountability mechanisms internationally, nationally and in health care settings which support the elimination of stigma and discrimination in health care settings, including both clients and healthcare workers, and people living with HIV;
  4. Identify best practices in healthcare delivery that have been implemented or highly considered for PLHIV;
  5. Identify the evidence-base which illustrate that the meaningful participation of discriminated populations, including people living with HIV as well as healthcare providers, in the design and development of policies, standards, trainings and accountability mechanisms help support the elimination of HIV-related stigma and discrimination in health care settings; and
  6. Assess the quality of evidence, synthesize, summarize, and interpret findings.
Available Resources
  • Systematic Review on the Evidence-base for Eliminating Stigma and Discrimination in Healthcare Settings

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