Colson PW, Franks J, Wu Y, Winterhalter FS, Knox J, Ortega H, El-Sadr WM, Hirsch-Moverman Y.
[published online ahead of print, 2020 May 8]. AIDS Behav. 2020;10.1007/s10461-020-02901-6. doi:10.1007/s10461-020-02901-6
While oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has proven efficacious for HIV prevention, consistent use is necessary to achieve its intended impact. We compared effectiveness of enhanced PrEP (enPrEP) adherence support to standard of care (sPrEP) among Black MSM and TGW attending a community clinic in Harlem, NY. EnPrEP included peer navigation, in-person/online support groups, and SMS messages. Self-reported adherence over previous 30 days, collected in quarterly interviews, was defined as ≥ 57%. Crude and adjusted analyses examined factors associated with adherence. A total of 204 participants were enrolled and randomized; 35% were lost to follow-up. PrEP adherence was 30% at 12-months; no intervention effect was observed (p = 0.69). Multivariable regression analysis found that lower adherence was associated with low education and depressive symptoms. We found that an enhanced adherence intervention did not improve PrEP adherence. Findings point to the need for innovative methods to improve PrEP adherence among Black MSM and TGW. Clinical Trial Registration NCT02167386, June 19, 2014.