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Mozambique

Background

Mozambique has a population of almost 24 million, the majority of whom sustain themselves through subsistence agriculture. A prolongued civil war hampered the country’s development until the 1980s and current life expectancy is estimated at 52 years.

HIV in Mozambique

The impact of HIV on social, economic, and development indicators in Mozambique has been profound. Over 11 percent of adults aged 15–49 are currently living with HIV and a further 110,000 adults and children become infected every year. Over half a million Mozambicans have died of AIDS-related causes in the last decade alone, and an estimated 670,000 children in the country have been orphaned by AIDS.

ICAP in Mozambique

With an estimated 1.7 million HIV-infected people, Mozambique has a national seroprevalence rate of 11.5 percent. Less than 51 percent of those who need antiretroviral therapy receive it.

In partnership with the Ministry of Health, governmental, and non-governmental organizations, ICAP works at all levels of the health care system in four provinces (Maputo City, Inhambane, Zambezia, and Nampula) to build capacity and to increase access to comprehensive HIV services.

In addition to carrying out clinical mentoring, training, and infrastructure support, a major focus of ICAP’s work has been to support the decentralization of HIV services from overcrowded hospitals to health centers, which are generally more accessible.

Specifically, ICAP supports: