Musuka G, Teveredzi V, Busang L, Chingombe I, Makadzange P, Mokgweetsinyana S, Ncube R, Maradzika J, Chinamasa CF, Moeti T. 2018 Jul 23;11(1):499. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3585-1.
The Botswana tuberculosis HIV Knowledge Attitude and Practice study sought to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of communities on TB and identify sources of their information on this disease and HIV. Specific objectives of the study were to: (a) collect baseline information on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices about tuberculosis treatment seeking and adherence behaviors in Botswana. (b) Identify barriers which discourage people who may have smear positive tuberculosis from testing and getting treatment (e.g. social stigma) and constraints which prevent them from initiating and completing treatment.
Approximately 92% of respondents (n = 2029), reported that having TB was not something embarrassing, while about 97% (n = 2030) were not ashamed of having a family member with TB. Approximately 95% (n = 2030) expressed willingness to accommodate their relatives with TB at their homes or, work with TB patients (n = 2026). About 21% of the respondents however, believed in myths that TB infection is a result of either having sex with women who had miscarried (n = 2028), or food poisoning (n = 2031) while about 17% believed that TB infection is a result of sleeping with a widow or widower (n = 2031).