Association of Sociodemographic Factors with Needle Sharing and Number of Sex Partners Among People who Inject Drugs in Egypt
Sakia Anwar, Ehab El Kharrat, Atef Bakhoum, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Tiffany G. Harris
People who inject drugs (PWID) are at a high risk for HIV. We conducted an evaluation of socio-demographic factors associated with injecting and sexual behaviour among PWID who had two or more visits at a drug outreach clinic in Cairo, Egypt from 2013 to 2017. Routinely collected information on socio-demographics and HIV risk behaviours were abstracted from client records. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were conducted to evaluate associations between socio-demographics and HIV risk factors. All PWID who tested HIV-positive at the initial visit were excluded from analyses. PWID who were married were more likely to share needles or syringes in the last month of their baseline visit [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 4.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.4-13.1] as were unemployed PWID [aOR = 3.9, 95% CI = 1.5-10.3]. Married PWID were less likely to discontinue sharing needles/syringes [aOR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2-0.8] as were those living outside of the Shobra, downtown, and Imbabah districts within Greater Cairo [aOR = 0.2, 95% CI = 0.1-0.5]. No significant associations were found between socio-demographics and number of sex partners in the six months prior to the initial visit. At follow-up visit, 4.4% tested HIV-positive for an incidence rate of 3.9 per 100 person years. Sociodemographic factors should be considered when designing preventive services for PWID.