Background: We designed and implemented an enhanced model of integrating family planning (FP) into existing HIV treatment services at six health facilities in Lusaka, Zambia.
Methods: The enhanced model included: improving FP documentation within HIV monitoring systems; training HIV providers in FP services; offering contraceptives within the HIV clinic; and facilitated referral to community-based distributors. Independent samples of women living with HIV (WLHIV) aged ≥16 years were interviewed pre- and post-intervention and their clinical data abstracted from medical charts. Logistic regression models were used to assess differences in key outcomes between the two time periods.
Results: A total of 629 WLHIV were interviewed pre-intervention and 684 post-intervention. Current FP use increased from 35% to 49% comparing the pre- and post-intervention periods (P=0.0025). Increased use was seen for injectables (15% vs. 25%, P<0.0001) and implants (5% vs. 8%, P>0.05) but not for pills (10% vs. 8%, P<0.05) or intra-uterine devices (1% vs. 1%, P >0.05). Dual method use (contraceptive + barrier method) increased from 8% to 18% (P=0.0003) while unmet need for FP decreased from 59% to 46% (P=0.0003). Receipt of safer conception counseling increased from 27% to 39% (P<0.0001). The estimated total intervention cost was $83,293 (2018 USD).
Conclusions: Our model of FP/HIV integration significantly increased the number of WLHIV reporting current FP and dual method use, a met need for FP, and safer conception counseling. These results support continued efforts to integrate FP and HIV services to improve women’s access to sexual and reproductive health services.