Maternal & Child Health

Maternal & Child Health

More than 90 percent of infants and young children with HIV contracted the virus from their mothers during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding. The risk of transmission from mother to child can be as high as 45 percent, but with intervention, it can be reduced to as little as two percent. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a primary focus of ICAP’s efforts.

Maternal & Child Health BY THE NUMBERS

50%
Of pregnant women in priority countries on ARV
1400000
New HIV infections prevented through PMTCT

ICAP’s FOCUS ON Maternal & Child Health

ICAP works with healthcare systems to support integrated maternal-child health (MCH) and PMTCT programs, to identify HIV-infected pregnant women in antenatal care settings and provide key interventions for HIV throughout the continuum of pregnancy and after delivery. To ensure continuity of care, PMTCT programs also link HIV-infected mothers, their children and partners to long-term care and treatment programs. PMTCT programs also focus on health education, including best breastfeeding practices to reduce transmission risk and support nutrition. With a particular focus on family centered care, ICAP-supported PMTCT programs provide testing and follow-up care for HIV-exposed infants, partners and family members of HIV-infected mothers.

Psychosocial support is an integral component of ICAP-supported PMTCT activities. Through individual counseling and support groups, HIV-infected mothers and family members learn about treatment adherence and coping skills. Ultimately, ICAP-supported PMTCT activities provide opportunities to improve overall maternal and child health services.