In the 30 years since the HIV/AIDS pandemic began, nearly 35 million lives have been lost to the disease. Today, an estimated 36.7 million people worldwide are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Each year, an additional 1.8 million people, including 160,000 children, are newly infected. In the countries hardest hit by the disease, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, HIV/AIDS has drastically reduced adult life expectancy and orphaned more than 13 million children. ICAP’s approach is grounded in an appreciation of the HIV pandemic’s broad impact on individuals, families, communities, and societies, and in an understanding of the connection between HIV/AIDS, childhood mortality and other health threats, including tuberculosis, malaria, malnutrition, and limited access to reproductive health services. Working with host countries and other partners, ICAP supports HIV programs at the national, regional, facility, and community levels, building on local strengths and resources and providing a very broad range of implementation and technical assistance.

ICAP’s goals are to expand access to HIV services while strengthening health systems by providing technical and financial support for human resources, infrastructure, training and mentoring, laboratory, pharmacy, program management capacity, and monitoring and evaluation systems. Maintaining the health of people living with HIV requires an array of services. Recognizing this need, ICAP supports comprehensive HIV prevention, care, and treatment services for adults, children, and adolescents with HIV.


People living with HIV worldwide
People newly acquiring HIV each year


  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV
  • HIV counseling and testing, including early infant diagnosis
  • Clinical and immunological monitoring, antiretroviral therapy, prevention in positives, and prevention of HIV complications
  • Counseling, patient education, and adherence support
  • Care and treatment for populations with low HIV service utilization
  • Integrated HIV and mental health services
  • Coordination of facility-based and community-based services
  • Measuring the reach and impact of HIV programs through HIV population-based surveys