Among people living with HIV, tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic illness and a leading cause of death, accounting for nearly a quarter of HIV-related deaths worldwide. In some sub-Saharan countries, more than half of those with active TB are co-infected with HIV.

ICAP supports collaboration between national TB and HIV control programs and the development of complementary TB/HIV clinical programs. ICAP-supported activities include:

In addition, ICAP has developed clinical resources for the management of TB/HIV co-infection in resource-limited settings.